Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) or TMJ syndrome, covers acute or chronic pain, especially in the muscles of mastication and/or inflammation of the tempormandibular joint, which connects the mandible to the skull. The primary cause is muscular hyper- or parafunction, as in the case of bruxism, with secondary effects on the oral musculoskeletal system, like various types of displacement of the disc in the temporomandibular joint. The disorder and resultant dysfunction can result in significant pain, which is the most common TMD symptom, combined with impairment of function.
Symptoms associated with TMJ disorders may be:
The good news is that there is continuing progress in the study and knowledge of this condition! The initial relief and treatment is non-invasive, and surgery is almost never needed. A good understanding of the process allows us to start you on the healing journey with simple, yet precisely constructed appliances that you wear on your teeth (which look somewhat similar to Invisalign).
For further information, see the informational videos below: